John Edward Raphael (30 April 1882 – 11 June 1917) was a Belgian-born sportsman who was capped nine times for England at rugby union and played first-class cricket with Surrey.
He was a Barrister by profession and a Liberal politician.
Raphael was Jewish and the son of multi-millionaire financier Albert Raphael, who was part of a banking dynasty that in the 1920s rivalled the Rothschild family John Raphael was educated at Merchant Taylors' School, and St John's College, Oxford.
In January 2021, one of the eight pastoral Houses at Merchant Taylors' was re-named in his honour.
In World War I Raphael served with the King's Royal Rifle Corps as a Lieutenant and died of wounds in 1917 at the Battle of Messines, while fighting in the country of his birth.