She graduated in 1899 from the Imperial Ballet School in St Petersburg and on 19th Sept 1899 she made her company debut, dancing in a group of three in La Fille Mal Gardée at the Mariinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg.
She gained the rank of 'danseuse' in 1902, 'première danseuse' in 1905, and 'prima ballerina' in 1906.Her most famous solo, The Dying Swan, was created for her in 1905 by Mikhail Fokine.
She appeared briefly with the Ballets Russes but preferred to star in her own company and began to tour from 1908 - making her New York and London debuts in 1910.She died of double pneumonia at the early age of 49.
(Painting in Light)
Photo Image: NPG Ax160382 © National Portrait Gallery, London.